quarta-feira, dezembro 21, 2011

Ciclo Territórios de Fronteira


Irá decorrer às 18 horas do próximo dia 10 de Janeiro de 2012 novo ciclo Territórios de Fronteira co-organizado pelo Grupo de Estudos em Evolução Humana (GEEVH), pelo Museu Nacional de Arqueologia (MNA) e pelo Núcleo de Arqueologia e Paleoecologia da Universidade do Algarve (NAP).

O ciclo inclui palestras de:

Frederico Tátá Regala
NAP - Núcleo de Arqueologia e Paleoecologia da Universidade do Algarve
AESDA - Associação de Estudos Subterrâneos e Defesa do Ambiente
DRCALEN - Direcção Regional de Cultura do Alentejo

“As Peças de Adorno do Paleolítico Superior de Vale Boi (Vila do Bispo, Algarve)”



Catarina Casanova

CAPP & CBA
Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas (UTL)

"Os primatas não humanos como modelos explicativos para entender a evolução humana"


Luís Raposo
Museu Nacional de Arqueologia

“A “premissa de Pompeia”, revisitada: implicações museológicas e patrimoniais”

Contamos com a vossa presença e divulgação!
Obrigada

quarta-feira, dezembro 14, 2011

A AVENTURA DA TERRA: Um planeta em evolução


O Reitor da Universidade de Lisboa, a Esfera do Caos Editores e a Coordenadora Maria Amélia Martins-Loução, têm o prazer de convidar para a sessão de lançamento do livro: "A AVENTURA DA TERRA: Um planeta em evolução", que será apresentado por Maria João Collares Pereira e Viriato Soromenho-Marques no Museu Nacional de História Natural da Universidade de Lisboa, no dia 19 de Dezembro, segunda-feira, pelas 18h30.
Mais informações em: http://geologia.fc.ul.pt/

terça-feira, dezembro 13, 2011

ZaP 2012 - Congresso Internacional de Zooarqueologia em Portugal


O objectivo desta conferência é promover a comunicação entre investigadores interessados no tema da Zooarqueologia e divulgar junto da Comunidade Arqueológica o trabalho realizado ao longo dos últimos anos.

A Zooarqueologia em Portugal tem-se desenvolvido lentamente, recorrendo muitas vezes a esforços individuais e, mais recentemente, com apoios institucionais, como é o caso do Laboratório de Arqueociências do Igespar. Espera-se que com este evento se consiga um renovar de esforços e transmitir mais relevância a uma área de profundo interesse para a Arqueologia.

Os temas debatidos nesta conferência passam por análises zooarqueológicas de conjuntos de sítios arqueológicos ou de análise mais ampla e comparativa, e por questões mais específicas, de âmbito metodológico, tafonómico, osteometria e ainda de ADN antigo de animais.

Mais informações em: http://www.uniarq.net/zap2012-port.html

quarta-feira, dezembro 07, 2011

Ciclo de conferências Territórios de fronteira




Decorreu às 18 horas do dia 6 de Dezembro de 2011 o V ciclo Territórios de Fronteira co-organizado pelo Grupo de Estudos em Evolução Humana (GEEVH), pelo Museu Nacional de Arqueologia (MNA) e pelo Núcleo de Arqueologia e Paleoecologia da Universidade do Algarve (NAP).

O ciclo incluiu palestras de:

Mariana Nabais
University College London

O Consumo de Tartaruga no Paleolítico Médio: o exemplo da Gruta da Oliveira, Torres Novas, Portugal


João Marreiros
NAP - Universidade do Algarve
UniArq - Universidade de Lisboa

Descobrir os traços do passado: contribuição da análise funcional para o conhecimento do comportamento das comunidades de caçadores-recolectores no Paleolítico Superior


Susana Garcia
Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas

Maleitas do corpo em tempos medievais: Indicadores paleopatológicos em esqueletos exumados na cidade de Leiria

quarta-feira, novembro 23, 2011

sábado, novembro 19, 2011

Notícias

Crowdsourcing Darwin's experiment on human emotions
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-15600203

Soybean domestication came early in many cultures
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/11/soybean-domestication-came-early-in.html

Climate Change May Have Doomed http://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifNeanderthals
http://news.discovery.com/history/neanderthals-adapt-climate-change-111118.html#mkcpgn=emnws1

Chimps Play Like Humans: Playful Behavior of Young Chimps Develops Like That of Children
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111116174735.htm

Mambou (common chimpanzee) arrived at Tchimpounga emaciated, malnourished and with no strength to move. Thanks to the care of the staff at Tchimpounga, healthy Mambou now plays for hours with his friends.
http://www.janegoodall.org/media/videos/mambou

New fossils of oldest American primate
http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-11-fossils-oldest-american-primate.html

Skeleton of ancient human relative may yield skin
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn21179-skeleton-of-ancient-human-relative-may-yield-skin.html?DCMP=OTC-rss&nsref=online-news

Eventos do CIAS



"A história da Ciência e da técnica na história do corpo: O ideal de corpo saudável, belo e moral na época contemporânea", por João Rui Pita e Ana Leonor Pereira.

Dia 22 de Novembro, às 11h no Anfiteatro 1 do ex-departamento de Antropologia da Universidade de Coimbra.

domingo, novembro 13, 2011

Neanderthal men were first inhabitants of Ionian islands
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/11/neanderthal-men-were-first-inhabitants.html

Japan's oldest known human remains found in cave on Ishigaki Island
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/11/japans-oldest-known-human-remains-found.html

Cancro na próstata diagnosticado a múmia do Museu Nacional de Arqueologia
http://www.cienciahoje.pt/index.php?oid=51743&op=all

No Need to Shrink Guts to Have a Larger Brain
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111109131304.htm

Baby apes' arm waving hints at origins of language
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn21152-baby-apes-arm-waving-hints-at-origins-of-language.html

Scientists confirm early humans were from Africa but their route out was via Arabia not Egypt
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2057546/Early-humans-Africa-route-Arabia-Egypt.html

quinta-feira, novembro 10, 2011

5º Ciclo de Conferências Territórios de Fronteira‏


Irá decorrer às 18 horas do próximo dia 6 de Dezembro de 2011 novo ciclo Territórios de Fronteira co-organizado pelo Grupo de Estudos em Evolução Humana (GEEVH), pelo Museu Nacional de Arqueologia (MNA) e pelo Núcleo de Arqueologia e Paleoecologia da Universidade do Algarve (NAP).

O ciclo inclui palestras de:

Mariana Nabais

University College London

O Consumo de Tartaruga no Paleolítico Médio: o exemplo da Gruta da Oliveira, Torres Novas, Portugal


João Marreiros
NAP - Universidade do Algarve
UniArq - Universidade de Lisboa

Descobrir os traços do passado: contribuição da análise funcional para o conhecimento do comportamento das comunidades de caçadores-recolectores no Paleolítico Superior


Susana Garcia
Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas

Maleitas do corpo em tempos medievais: Indicadores paleopatológicos em esqueletos exumados na cidade de Leiria

quarta-feira, novembro 02, 2011

Avanços Recentes na Análise de Ossos Queimados e sua Contribuição para a Investigação Arqueológica


O NAP - Núcleo de Arqueologia e Paleoecologia da Universidade do
Algarve vem anunciar mais uma das suas conferências Arqueologia ao Sul
desta feita com o tema: "Avanços Recentes na Análise de Ossos
Queimados e sua Contribuição para a Investigação Arqueológica", por
David Gonçalves.

Avanços Recentes na Análise de Ossos Queimados e sua Contribuição para
a Investigação Arqueológica

David Gonçalves

O contributo da Antropologia Biológica é fundamental para o estudo das
populações do passado. As informações extraídas a partir do esqueleto
contribuem para um melhor conhecimento dos nossos antepassados tanto
ao nível biológico e demográfico como ao nível das suas práticas
funerárias. Entre estas, a cremação é porventura aquela que oferece um
maior desafio à capacidade de análise bioarqueológica devido à elevada
fragmentação dos ossos e às alterações térmico-induzidas que
interferem seriamente com a fiabilidade das técnicas convencionalmente
utilizadas pela Antropologia Biológica. Na presente comunicação, irão
ser apresentadas novas metodologias de determinação do sexo e de
reconstrução do gesto funerário a partir de restos humanos queimados.
Este conjunto metodológico oferece agora novas perspectivas de
investigação das muitas populações arqueológicas cujos ossos queimados
constituem o único documento biológico ainda preservado.

Os melhores cumprimentos,

NAP

quarta-feira, outubro 26, 2011

Notícias

First North American Hunters 1,000 Years Earlier Than Previously Thought, Speared Mastodon Fossil Shows
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111020145054.htmhttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif

World's Large Human Fossil Cast Collection Goes Public
http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/september-2011/article/world-s-largest-human-fossil-cast-collection-goes-public

Blame Backbone Fractures On Evolution, Not Osteoporosis: Adaptation to Upright Walking Leaves Humans Susceptible
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111019185817.htm

Face-To-Face With an Ancient Human
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111020084819.htm

Arqueología. Desentierran en Italia una bruja de hace 800 años con siete clavos en la boca.http://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif
http://paleorama.wordpress.com/2011/10/20/arqueologia-desentierran-en-italia-una-bruja-de-hace-800-anos-con-siete-clavos-en-la-boca/

Enterramiento inédito de un niño de la ciudad romana de Sanicera en un ánfora del siglo IV a.C.
http://paleorama.wordpress.com/2011/10/21/enterramiento-inedito-de-un-nino-de-la-ciudad-romana-de-sanicera-en-un-anfora-del-siglo-iv-a-c/

Unearthed skeletons reveal final embrace of Roman lovers
http://www.metro.co.uk/news/879010-uneahttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifrthed-skeletons-reveal-final-embrace-of-roman-lovers

Iceman mummy leaves few relatives
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/27458586/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/iceman-mummy-leaves-few-relatives/#.Tqe-dXKiETK

The difference between humans and chimps is all in the junk DNA
http://io9.com/5853228/

quarta-feira, outubro 19, 2011

Noite dos Esqueletos



No dia 31 de Outubro decorrerá a Noite dos Esqueletos no Museu Municipal Santos Rocha (Figueira da Foz), com a participação do GEEvH, representado pela Drª Maria Arminda. Contamos com a sua participação!

domingo, outubro 16, 2011

Entrada gratuita ao parque arqueológico de Atapuerca

Notícias

Babies Show Sense of Fairness, Altruism as Early as 15 Mohttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifnths
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111007161636.htm

Aboriginal Stonehenge: Stargazing in ancient Australia
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-15098959

Prehistoric Teen Girl's Grave Found Near Henge
http://news.discovery.com/history/perhistoric-teen-grave-henge-111006.html#mkcpgn=fbnws1

Prehistoric dog found with MAMMOTH bone in its mouth - does it prove they were man's best friend even then?
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2046807/Prehistoric-dog-MAMMOTH-bone-mouthhttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif--does-prove-mans-best-friend-then.html

Monkeys 'Move and Feel' Virtual Objects Using Only Their Brains
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111005131648.htm

Lungfish Provides Insight to Life On Land: 'Humans Are Just Modified Fish'
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111004180106.htm

Neanderthals weren't dumb about their diet, scientists say
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/10/neanderthals-werent-dumb-about-their.html

Prehistoric ‘production line’ remnants foundhttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/10/prehistoric-production-line-remnants.html

New evidence shows that chimpanzees aren't as selfish as many scientists thought
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=ive-got-your-back

Last universal common ancestor more complex than previously thought
http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-10-universal-common-ancestor-complex-previously.html

quarta-feira, outubro 12, 2011

Ciclo de conferência Territórios de Fronteira






Decorreu às 18 horas do dia 11 de Outubro de 2011 novo ciclo Territórios de Fronteira co-organizado pelo Grupo de Estudos em Evolução Humana (GEEVH), pelo Museu Nacional de Arqueologia (MNA) e pelo Núcleo de Arqueologia e Paleoecologia da Universidade do Algarve (NAP).

O ciclo inclui palestras de:

Produção de preparados de peixe na antiguidade tardia: o estuário do Tejo.

Sónia Gabriel. Laboratório de Arqueociências. IGESPAR, IP


Resultados do análise da fauna mamalógica da Casa do Governador da Torre de Belém: tafonomia dum abandono.

Sílvia Valenzuela-Lamas

Bolseira pos-doutoramento FCT

UNIARQ- Universidade de Lisboa /Laboratório de Arqueociências - IGESPAR

GRACPE- Universitat de Barcelona


Estratégias interdisciplinares para o estudo da exploração dos recursos marinhos no estuário do Tejo em época romana
Carlos Fabião
Uniarq
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa

Arte Paleolitico en los Valles Interiores de la Peninsula Ibérica



Conferência do Dr. Rodrigo De Balbín Behrmann no dia 14 de Outubro às 12h, no Auditório 2 da Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa.

segunda-feira, outubro 03, 2011

4º Ciclo de Territórios de Fronteira



Irá decorrer às 18 horas do próximo dia 11 de Outubro de 2011 novo ciclo Territórios de Fronteira co-organizado pelo Grupo de Estudos em Evolução Humana (GEEVH), pelo Museu Nacional de Arqueologia (MNA) e pelo Núcleo de Arqueologia e Paleoecologia da Universidade do Algarve (NAP).

O ciclo inclui palestras de:

Produção de preparados de peixe na antiguidade tardia: o estuário do Tejo.


Sónia Gabriel. Laboratório de Arqueociências. IGESPAR, IP


Resultados do análise da fauna mamalógica da Casa do Governador da Torre de Belém: tafonomia dum abandono.

Sílvia Valenzuela-Lamas

Bolseira pos-doutoramento FCT

UNIARQ- Universidade de Lisboa /Laboratório de Arqueociências - IGESPAR

GRACPE- Universitat de Barcelona


Estratégias interdisciplinares para o estudo da exploração dos recursos marinhos no estuário do Tejo em época romana
Carlos Fabião
Uniarq
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa


Contamos com a vossa presença e divulgação!

International conference on use-wear analysis Faro, Portugal – 10|11|12 October 2012

quarta-feira, setembro 21, 2011

Paleoamerican Diet, Migration and Morphology in Brazil: Archaeological Complexity of the Earliest Americans

Sabine Eggers1, Maria Parks2, Gisela Grupe3, Karl J. Reinhard4*

1 Laboratório de Antropologia Biológica, Departamento de Genética e Biologia Evolutiva, Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências da USP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 2 Anthropology Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America, 3 Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Graduate School Life Science Munich, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany, 4 School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska – Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America

Abstract

During the early Holocene two main paleoamerican cultures thrived in Brazil: the Tradição Nordeste in the semi-desertic Sertão and the Tradição Itaparica in the high plains of the Planalto Central. Here we report on paleodietary singals of a Paleoamerican found in a third Brazilian ecological setting – a riverine shellmound, or sambaqui, located in the Atlantic forest. Most sambaquis are found along the coast. The peoples associated with them subsisted on marine resources. We are reporting a different situation from the oldest recorded riverine sambaqui, called Capelinha. Capelinha is a relatively small sambaqui established along a river 60 km from the Atlantic Ocean coast. It contained the well-preserved remains of a Paleoamerican known as Luzio dated to 9,945±235 years ago; the oldest sambaqui dweller so far. Luzio's bones were remarkably well preserved and allowed for stable isotopic analysis of diet. Although artifacts found at this riverine site show connections with the Atlantic coast, we show that he represents a population that was dependent on inland resources as opposed to marine coastal resources. After comparing Luzio's paleodietary data with that of other extant and prehistoric groups, we discuss where his group could have come from, if terrestrial diet persisted in riverine sambaquis and how Luzio fits within the discussion of the replacement of paleamerican by amerindian morphology. This study adds to the evidence that shows a greater complexity in the prehistory of the colonization of and the adaptations to the New World.

Open Access Article:

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0023962

The Later Stone Age Calvaria from Iwo Eleru, Nigeria: Morphology and Chronology

Katerina Harvati1*, Chris Stringer2, Rainer Grün3, Maxime Aubert3, Philip Allsworth-Jones4, Caleb Adebayo Folorunso5

1 Paleoanthropology, Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Paleoecology, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany, 2 Paleontology Department, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom, 3 Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, 4 Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom, 5 Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Background

In recent years the Later Stone Age has been redated to a much deeper time depth than previously thought. At the same time, human remains from this time period are scarce in Africa, and even rarer in West Africa. The Iwo Eleru burial is one of the few human skeletal remains associated with Later Stone Age artifacts in that region with a proposed Pleistocene date. We undertook a morphometric reanalysis of this cranium in order to better assess its affinities. We also conducted Uranium-series dating to re-evaluate its chronology.

Methodology/Principal Findings

A 3-D geometric morphometric analysis of cranial landmarks and semilandmarks was conducted using a large comparative fossil and modern human sample. The measurements were collected in the form of three dimensional coordinates and processed using Generalized Procrustes Analysis. Principal components, canonical variates, Mahalanobis D2 and Procrustes distance analyses were performed. The results were further visualized by comparing specimen and mean configurations. Results point to a morphological similarity with late archaic African specimens dating to the Late Pleistocene. A long bone cortical fragment was made available for U-series analysis in order to re-date the specimen. The results (~11.7–16.3 ka) support a terminal Pleistocene chronology for the Iwo Eleru burial as was also suggested by the original radiocarbon dating results and by stratigraphic evidence.

Conclusions/Significance

Our findings are in accordance with suggestions of deep population substructure in Africa and a complex evolutionary process for the origin of modern humans. They further highlight the dearth of hominin finds from West Africa, and underscore our real lack of knowledge of human evolution in that region.

Open Access Article:

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0024024


domingo, setembro 18, 2011

Notícias de 11 a 18 de Setembro de 2011

Mountain Gorillas: The Rules of Engagement
http://motherjones.com/blue-marble/2011/09/mountain-gorillas-rules-engagement

Researchers Analyze the Evolving Human Relationship With Fire
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110914143636.htm

Study suggests methylation and gene sequence co-evolve in human-chimp evolutionary divergence
http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-09-methylation-gene-sequence-co-evolve-human-chimp.html


Helpful Mutations Didn’t Sweep Through Early Humans
http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/02/mutation-sweeps-humans/

Indians and Europeans share a milky past
http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-09-indians-europeans-milky.html

Were H. habilis and A. sediba Friends with Benefits? New Findings Complicate the Dawn of Humanity
http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/evolution/Were-H-habilis-and-A-sediba-Friends-with-Benefits--New-Findings-Complicate-the-Dawn-of-Humanity-.html

quarta-feira, setembro 14, 2011

MILPLANALTOS

O projecto Milplanaltos nasceu em Abril de 2011 com o objectivo de se tornar um espaço de constituição de linhas de fuga entre disciplinas, de criação de conexões entre domínios, eles próprios dinâmicos e conectivos. Esta estratégia implica a realização de ligações entre arte, literatura, filosofia e ciência.

Milplanaltos entretanto cresceu, estendeu-se a outras instituições, e é agora uma parceria Centro de Investigação em Antropologia e Saúde (CIAS), Casa da Escrita e Museu da Ciência da Universidade de Coimbra.


PROGRAMA GERAL


20 de Setembro | 17H00
ESTALEIROS PERFORMATIVOS, UMA APROXIMAÇÃO INTERDISCIPLINAR À ARQUITECTURA
Inês Moreira
Local: Museu da Ciência

25 de Outubro | 17H00
A METÁFORA EM CIÊNCIA: BIOLOGIA E CIÊNCIAS DA COMPUTAÇÃO
Ernesto Costa
Local: Casa da Escrita

22 de Novembro | 17H00
O QUE PODE A ARTE E/OU A CIÊNCIA FAZER PELA ARTE?
Marta de Menezes
Local: Museu da Ciência

13 de Dezembro | 17H00
PARA QUE SERVE UM FILHOTE DE ROBÔ SE ELE NÃO PASSAR O TESTE ALVES DOS REIS PARA A INTELIGÊNCIA INSTITUCIONAL?
Porfírio Silva
Local: Casa da Escrita

24 de Janeiro de 2012 | 17H00
LETRAS, TRETAS E OUTRAS CIÊNCIAS
António Sousa Ribeiro Letras
Local: Museu da Ciência

14 de Fevereiro de 2012 | 17H00
ESTRANGEIRADOS VISITAM PORTUGAL
Amadeu Lopes Sabino, Manuel Paiva, José Morais e Jorge de Oliveira e Sousa
Local: Casa da Escrita

13 de Março de 2012 | 17H00
ARTE E INTELIGÊNCIA ARTIFICIAL
Penousal Machado
Local: Museu da Ciência

17 de Abril de 2012 | 17H00
NUNCA TIVE JEITO PARA A GEOMETRIA
F.J. Craveiro de Carvalho
Local: Casa da Escrita

segunda-feira, setembro 12, 2011

Notícias de 5 a 11 de Setembro de 2011

Mother tongue comes from your prehistoric father
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/09/mother-tongue-comes-from-your.html

Vídeo - Free-ranging: Rhttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifing-tailed Lemurs
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BavRXvEdAas

Variation in talus morphology shows the sample
http://johnhawks.net/node/28082

Human Brain Evhttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifolution, New Insight Through X-Rays: Experiment Reveals Brain Shape of an Early Human Ancestor
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110908104157.htm

Gravuras rupestres: Laje descoberta em Viana já tem 1.200 motivos identificados pelos arqueólogos
http://aeiou.expresso.pt/a-hrefgenplpstoriesopviewfokeyexstories672322gravuras-rupestres-laje-descoberta-em-viana-ja-tem-1200-motivos-identificados-pelos-arqueologos-a=f672322

Understanding Evolution: 17 Misconceptions and Their Responses
http://sciencebasedlife.wordpress.com/2011/09/04/understanding-evolution-17-misconceptions-and-their-responses/

domingo, agosto 21, 2011

Notícias de 15 a 21 de Agosto de 2011

Boys Reach Sexual Maturity Younger and Younger: Phase Between Being Physically but Not Socially Adult Is Getting Longer
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110818101714.htm

Há uma nova interpretação sobre os concheiros de Muge
http://www.publico.pt/Cultura/ha-uma-nova-interpretacao-sobre-os-concheiros-de-muge_1508169

Oxford University to create prehistoric map of England
http://www.heritagedaily.com/2011/08/oxford-university-to-create-prehistoric-map-of-england/


Homo Erectus travelled the high seas

http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/08/homo-erectus-travelled-high-seas.html

Human jawbones unearthed near Point Hope hold ancient dietary clues
http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/human-jawbones-unearthed-near-point-hope-hold-ancient-dietary-clues

quinta-feira, agosto 11, 2011

Mystery Skull Interactive



Jogo do Simthsonian National Museum of Natural History que permite a identificação de uma espécie através da comparação de crânios.
Para aceder ao jogo: http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/mystery-skull-interactive

domingo, agosto 07, 2011

Notícias de 1 a 7 de Agosto de 2011

Neanderthales y Homo sapiens convivieron en la cueva del Castillo
http://terraeantiqvae.com/profiles/blogs/neanderthales-y-homo-sapiens

Bone may display oldest art in Americas
http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/331898/title/Bone_may_display_oldest_art_in_Americas


Chinese stone tools introduced to Japan 20,000 years ago: experts

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/culture/2011-08/03/c_131027429.htm

Reservoirs of Ancient Lava Shaped Earth
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110727131401.htm

Mitochondria Share an Ancestor With SAR11, a Globally Significant Marine Microbe
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110725190046.htm

The Last 3 Million Years at a Snail's Pace: A Tiny Trapdoor Opens a New Way to Date the Past
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110804081850.htm

Six Million Years of Savanna: Grasslands, Wooded Grasslands Accompanied Human Evolution
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110803133505.htm

What Shapes a Bone? Diet and Genetics Dictate Adult Jaw Shape
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110805135351.htm

Water’s edge ancestors
http://www.sciencenews.org/view/feature/id/332828/description/Water%E2%80%99s_edge_ancestors

domingo, julho 31, 2011

Notícias de 25 a 31 de Julho de 2011

Why polar peoples have bigger brains (and eyeballs)
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/43903652/ns/technology_and_science-science/

14,000-year-old cave art found in Wales

http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/07/14000-year-old-cave-art-found-in-wales.html

Discover Interview: Lynn Margulis Says She's Not Controversial, She's Right. It's the neo-Darwinists, population geneticists, AIDS researchers, and English-speaking biologists as a whole who have it all wrong.
http://discovermagazine.com/2011/apr/16-interview-lynn-margulis-not-controversial-right

Age-related brain shrinking is unique to humans
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-14277568

Descubierto un fémur de la especie 'Heidelbergensis' en la Sima de los Huesos
http://terraeantiqvae.com/group/prehistoria/forum/topics/descubierto-un-femur-de-la-esp

Strenght in numbers killed the Neandethals

http://archnews.co.uk/wordpress/2011/07/strength-in-numbers-killed-the-neanderthals/

domingo, julho 24, 2011

Notícias de 18 a 24 de Julho de 2011

Se expone la pieza de oro aparecida en Atapuerca (Burgos)
http://paleorama.wordpress.com/2011/07/19/se-expone-la-pieza-de-oro-aparecida-en-atapuerca-burgos/

All Non-Africans Part Neanderthal, Genetics Confirm
http://news.discovery.com/human/genetics-neanderthal-110718.html

Kiki or bouba? In search of language's missing link

http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21128211.600-kiki-or-bouba-in-search-of-languages-missing-link.html?DCMP=NLC-nletter&nsref=mg21128211.600

Community of rare gibbons discovered in Vietnam - in pictures

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/gallery/2011/jul/18/gibbon-vietnam-in-pictures#/?picture=376981824&index=6

Collaboration encourages equal sharing in children but not in chimpanzees
http://www.mpg.de/4376010/collaboration-children-chimpanzees

Did Neanderthals believe in an afterlife?
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/04/did-neanderthals-believe-in-afterlife.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+TheArchaeologyNewsNetwork+%28The+Archaeology+News+Network%29

Upright Hominid Posture Evolved Far Earlier Than Previously Thought

http://www.dailytech.com/Study+Upright+Hominid+Posture+Evolved+Far+Earlier+Than+Previously+Thought/article22213.

Few grandparents until 30,000 years ago
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/8647686/Few-grandparents-until-30000-years-ago.html

Mandrill monkey makes 'pedicuring' tool
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/14227783

domingo, julho 17, 2011

Las herramientas líticas en el Achelense fue “un salto brutal” respecto a tecnologías anteriores
http://paleorama.wordpress.com/2011/07/04/las-herramientas-liticas-en-el-achelense-fue-un-salto-brutal-respecto-a-tecnologias-anteriores/

Maternal Nutrition: What Impact Does It Have On Gene Expression?
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110704123236.htm

Africahttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifn and Non-African Populations Intermixed Well After Migration out of Africa 60,000 Years Ago, Genome Studies Show

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releashttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifes/2011/07/110713131419.htm

Human remains found at Caithness Iron Age broch site
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-highlands-islands-14154062

Study to create the first archive of human evolution at Mungohttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/07/study-to-create-first-archive-of-human.html

Chimpanzees Dogged By Image Problem
http://www.livescience.com/15036-chimpanzees-perceptions-media-pets-endangered.html
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Baboon Study Shows Benefits for Nice Guys, Who Finish 2nd

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/15/science/15baboon.html?_r=3

sexta-feira, julho 15, 2011

Posições disponíveis 2

- Durham International Junior Research Fellowships: Evolutionary Anthropology
http://physanth.org/jobs/durham-international-junior-research-fellowships-evolutionary-anthropology

- Georgia State University tenure-track positions
http://physanth.org/jobs/georgia-state-university-tenure-track-positions

- University of Cambridge Temporary Lectureship in Human Evolutionary Genetics
http://physanth.org/jobs/university-of-cambridge-temporary-lectureship-in-human-evolutionary-genetics

Posições disponíveis

Posições disponíveis em Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology:
- Camp Manager
- Mathematical Ecologist Ph.D. position on spatial knowledge in human hunter-gatherers
- Research Position in 3D Imaging and Human Evolution
- PhD position - Visualizing Human Ancestry using Genomic Data
- Postdoctoral position: Genomic analysis of recombination and adaptation in bacteria
- Postdoc position in computational biology

Mais informações em:
http://www.eva.mpg.de/english/position.htm

sábado, julho 09, 2011

Bolsa

Cargo/posição/bolsa:
Bolsa de Investigação
Referência: Bolsa de Investigação em História no âmbito do projecto "Arquitecturas do Mar" Referência do projecto: PTDC/AUR-AQI/113587/2009

Área científica genérica: History

Área científica específica: Archaeology

Mais informações em:
http://www.eracareers.pt/opportunities/index.aspx?task=global&jobId=24484&lang=pt

domingo, julho 03, 2011

Notícias de 27 de Junho a 3 de Julho de 2011

4,000-year-old strands of hair unravel human travels
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2010/02/4000-year-old-strands-of-hair-unravel.html

On Crete, New Evidence of Very Ancient Mariners
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2010/02/on-crete-new-evidence-of-very-ancient.html

Prehistoric wooden posts found at third Waveney site
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/06/prehistoric-wooden-posts-found-at-third.html

First buildings may have been community centers
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/05/first-buildings-may-have-been-community.html

Chimps Are Good Listeners, Too
http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2011/07/chimps-are-good-listeners-too.html

Bringing Prehistoric Colors Back to Life
http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2011/06/bringing-prehistoric-colors-back.html

Mammoth Bones Found in Northern Mexico
http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/entertainment/2011/06/30/mammoth-bones-clovis-point-found-in-northern-mexico

domingo, junho 19, 2011

Notícias de 13 a 19 de Junho 2011

Competition between femahttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifles leads to infanticide in some primates
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/06/competition-between-females-leads-to.html
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Científicos de la Universidad de Cambridge señalan que hace miles de años el hombre tenía mayor musculatura y su cerebro pesaba más
http://terraeantiqvae.com/group/prehistoria/forum/topics/cientificos-de-la-universidad

La cueva 'multiusos' de los cazadores neandertales
http://terraeantiqvae.com/profiles/blogs/la-cueva-multiusos-de-los

Instituto de Evolución en África. En busca de los primeros menús en Olduvai.
http://paleorama.wordpress.com/2011/06/16/instituto-de-evolucion-en-africa-en-busca-de-los-primeros-menus-en-olduvai/

Dawn of Agriculture Took Toll on Health
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110615094514.htm

El puente de la Sima del Elefante permitirá llegar a sedimentos de 1,5 millones
http://www.diariodeburgos.es/noticia.cfm/Vivir/20110616/puente/sima/elefante/permitira/llegar/sedimentos/15/millones/D6897F11-9E53-03A5-E54C68C4DA593096

domingo, junho 12, 2011

Notícias de 6 a 12 de Junho 2011

Asphalt may have poisoned ancient Americans
http://www.slate.com/blogs/blogs/browbeat/archive/2011/06/02/a-short-history-of-skulls-as-decor.aspx
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Well-Mannered Gorillas Hand Down Tradition of Dainty Eating
http://www.livescience.com/14383-gorillas-social-culture-humans.html

Going ape: Ultraviolence and our primate cousins
http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/culturelab/2011/06/going-ape-ultraviolence-and-our-primate-cousins.html

West Texas prehistoric paintings get laser study
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/05/west-texas-prehistoric-paintings-get.html

Brain Scans Show Violent People Have Bigger Mesolimbic Areas
http://www.science20.com/news_articles/brain_scans_show_violent_people_have_bigger_mesolhttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifimbic_areas-79722

Human ancestors in Eurasia earlier than thought
http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110606/full/news.2011.350.html

Were anciehttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifnt human migrations two-way streets?

http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-06-ancient-human-migrations-two-way-streets.html

Palaeolithic handaxe discovered on Orkney
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/06/palaeolithic-handaxe-discovered-on.htm

Los neandertales del Mediterráneo eran de menor estatura que los del Norte
http://www.homoysapiens.com/2011/06/los-neandertales-del-mediterraneo-eran.html

El equipo del Sidrón estudia el uso que los neandertales daban a las piedras con filo
http://paleorama.wordpress.com/2011/06/11/el-equipo-del-sidron-estudia-el-uso-que-los-neandertales-daban-a-las-piedras-con-filo/

domingo, junho 05, 2011

Notícias de 30 de maio a 5 de Junho 2011

Un equipo investiga los ajuares funerarios de 61 inhumaciones calcolíticas próximas al dolmen de Montelirio
http://archnews.co.uk/wordpress/2011/05/archaeologists-uncover-oldest-mine-in-americas/

Castellón. Investigadores descubren cientos de pinturas rupestres en Valltorta.

http://paleorama.wordpress.com/2011/05/31/castellon-investigadores-descubren-cientos-de-pinturas-rupestres-en-valltorta/

El hombre cruzó el Estrecho durante la Prehistoria.
http://paleorama.wordpress.com/2011/05/31/el-hombre-cruzo-el-estrecho-durante-la-prehistoria/

Approx. 3 million years ago, females rather than males moved from the groups they were born in to new social groups

http://www.mpg.de/4328900/hominin_landscape_use?filter_order=L

Nuevas perspectivas sobre la neolitización de la Cueva de Nerja (Málaga-España): la cerámica de la Sala del Vestíbulo
http://neoliticoiberico.blogspot.com/2011/05/ceramicas-neoliticas-en-la-cueva-de.html

Autism May Have Had Advantages in Humans' Hunter-Gatherer Past, Researcher Believes
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110603122849.htm

Temas actuais de Investigação CIAS



"Associação entre ambiente físico e social e obesidade na infância" por Maria M. Ferrão

"Da Genética à Epigenética: fronteiras e atalhos" por Augusto Abade

"Outros Sabores do Passado: as análises químicas na reconstituição da dieta das comunidades humanas do Mesolítico final e do Neolítico final/Calcolítico do território Português" por Cláudia Umbelino

domingo, maio 29, 2011

Notícias de 23 a 29 de maio de 2011

Huge dolmen discovered in Índia
http://www.stonepages.com/news/archives/004353.html

Earth's Past, Made Visible
http://www.astrobio.net/pressrelease/3987/earths-past-made-visible

Proboscis Monkeys Regurgitating Their Food

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110330094355.htm

Population Genetics Reveals Shared Ancestries: DNA Links Modern Europeans, Middle Easterners to Sub-Saharan Africans

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110524153536.htm

Pictures: Gorilla Mother "Mourns" Dead Baby

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/05/pictures/110526-gorilla-mother-mourns-dead-baby-science-mourning-feel-emotions-animals/?source=link_fb20110526gorillamommourning

Did lava flhttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifows and fires influence human evolution?
http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2011/05/did-lava-flows-and-fires-influence.html

Unique Canine Tooth from 'Peking Man' Found in Swedish Museum Collectionhttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110525214316.htm

Clovis Culture Not The Oldest In North America - Study
http://www.science20.com/news_articles/clovis_culture_not_oldest_north_america_study-77482

domingo, maio 22, 2011

Notícias de 16 a 22 Maio de 2011

Image Gallery: Ancient Rock Art of Sudan
http://www.livescience.com/14148-image-gallery-ancient-rock-art-sudan.html

El descubrimiento de unas herramientas de hueso en Gran Dolina, en Atapuerca, demuestra la diversidad de usos de este espacio hace 350.000 años
http://www.ecoticias.com/naturaleza/47632/noticias-medio-ambiente-medioambiente-medioambiental-ambiental-definicion-contaminacion-cambio-climatico-calentamiento-global-ecologia-ecosistema-impacto-politica-gestion-legislacion-educacion-responsabilidad-tecnico-sostenible-obama-greenpeace-co2-naciones-unidas-ingenieria-salud-Kioto-Copenhague-Mexico-Cancun-marm

Prehistoric Cave Art Discovered in Basque Country
http://newswatch.nationalgeographic.com/2011/05/13/prehistoric-cave-art-discovered-in-basque-country/

Que idade têm... os mortos?
http://ucv.ci.uc.pt/ucv/podcasts/uc-ao-vivo/que-idade-tem-os-mortos

Evolutionary Adaptations Can Be Reversed, but Rarely
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110511162538.htm

Ugandan Chimpanzees May Be Hunting Red Colobus Monkeys into Extinction
http://www.scientificamerican.com/blog/post.cfm?id=ugandan-chimpanzees-may-be-hunting-2011-05-17

Anthropologist Discovers New Fossil Primate Species in West Texas

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110516121537.htm

Platybelodons were a very early form of elephant
http://www.npr.org/blogs/krulwich/2011/05/20/136436601/a-mouth-i-cant-stop-thinking-about?sc=fb&cc=fp

Early mammals were brainy and nosy
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20493-early-mammals-were-brainy-and-nosy.html

GEMA: grupo de estudos do megalitismo alentejano

http://www.crookscape.org/

sexta-feira, maio 20, 2011

Ciclo Territórios de fronteira




Decorreu às 18 horas do próximo dia 4 de Maio de 2011 novo ciclo Territórios de Fronteira co-organizado pelo Grupo de Estudos em Evolução Humana (GEEVH), pelo Museu Nacional de Arqueologia (MNA) e pelo Núcleo de Arqueologia e Paleoecologia da Universidade do Algarve (NAP).

O ciclo incluiu as palestras de Silvério Figueiredo (Docente do Instituto Politécnico de Tomar) com (ou dinossauros!) Plistocénicas de Portugal: a sua contextualização arqueológica e paleontológica; Cláudia Sousa (Docente da Universidade Nova de Lisboa) com O comportamento dos chimpanzés em vida e perante a morte. Um exemplo da população de Bossou, Guiné-Conakry; e Luís Rios (Docente da Universidad Autónoma de Madrid) com Identificación en fosas comunes de la guerra civil española: juntando testimonios, arqueología, archivos, osteología y DNA.

quarta-feira, maio 18, 2011

Ateliers do GEEvH




No passado dia 13 de Maio 2011 o GEEvH realizou dois ateliers, Riscos e Rabiscos e a Dança dos esqueletos, a duas turmas do 5º ano na escola Dr. João Lúcio - Fuzeta (Algarve).
Nas imagens a Vânia Carvalho exemplifica como fazer tinta.

Sessão The methodologies applied in bioarchaeology: apresentação de Iwona Kozieradzka-Ogunmakin


“A Bioarchaeological Approach to a Study of an Ancient Egyptian Population of Saqqara”

Iwona Kozieradzka-Ogunmakin

KNH Centre for Biomedical Egyptology, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

A bioarchaeological approach in investigating ancient Egyptian populations is not commonly applied, and archaeological and biological data are still being studied separately. This research intends to demonstrate the potential of multidisciplinary studies by using a combination of archaeological attributes and skeletal indicators of health in order to explore the nature of social structure and processes of social change in an ancient Egyptian population of Saqqara. The study is based on a biocultural analysis of the funerary customs and human remains from a multi-period cemetery where the funerary activity took place during the Old Kingdom (2686-2181 BC) and Late to Ptolemaic periods (664-30 BC).
The social structure of the cemetery population has been assessed based on the funerary wealth of the burials, and has been found to comprise inhumations of the social élite of the Old Kingdom, and the middle and lower social classes of the Late and Ptolemaic periods. The examination of the skeletal remains intends to establish whether the overall health status of the individual at the time of death correlated with their social status and to what extent the observed patterns of social and biological status changed over the period of use of the cemetery.

Sessão The methodologies applied in bioarchaeology: apresentação de David Gonçalves



“Dead or deadier: the contribution of heat-induced bone changes for the interpretation of funerary behaviour”

David Gonçalves

Research Center for Anthropology and Health (CIAS), University of Coimbra, Portugal
Instituto de Gestão do Património Arquitectónico e Arqueológico (IGESPAR), Rua da Bica do Marquês 2, 1300-087 Lisboa, Portugal

Heat is responsible for a number of alterations on bones. Changes in colour, size, warping and the emergence of fractures are macroscopic heat-induced features frequently seen in burned bones. In particular, warping and thumbnail fractures have been often linked to the burning of fleshed and green bones in contrast to dry bones. As a result, both these features have been pointed out as indicators of the pre-cremation condition of the human remains thus allowing for inferences regarding funerary behaviour and practice.
In order to investigate this issue, a sample of 61 skeletons submitted to cremation was examined and checked for the presence of heat-induced warping and thumbnail fractures. Although unusual, both these features were found after the cremation of dry skeletons thus demonstrating that they are not exclusive indicators of the burning of fleshed and green bones. Therefore, the interpretation of funerary behaviour based on heat-related warping and thumbnail fractures must be carried out with extreme caution and supported by other evidences.

Sessão The methodologies applied in bioarchaeology: apresentação de João Sardoeira


“Fracturas - O que analisar?”

João Bernardo Sardoeira

Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal

A fractura é a manifestação mais comum da patologia traumática, podendo ser caracterizada como uma descontinuidade, parcial ou completa, da superfície óssea e ter como origem um evento acidental, violento, uma prática clínica ou ser secundária a outra patologia. Após a sua ocorrência o organismo inicia imediatamente um processo de cicatrização, que poderá variar conforme o indivíduo e o osso afectado, e cujo objectivo será recuperar a estrutura original do osso.
À semelhança do estudo de outras paleopatologias, o trauma requer por parte dos investigadores especial atenção devido às diferentes manifestações que o mesmo pode registar. O momento de ocorrência da lesão, se durante o período de vida do indivíduo ou se posterior ao momento da morte, a existência de complicações no momento de recuperação da fractura e o estado de fragmentação do material analisado, são tudo barreiras que se podem levantar aquando do estudo desta condição patológica. Para as ultrapassar, é essencial ao investigador um conhecimento abrangente da variabilidade que diferentes tipos de fracturas podem apresentar, assim como, as principais características que as definem.
Esta comunicação tem então como objectivo a apresentação de diferentes manifestações de fractura, através da exibição de casos identificados numa amostra de 129 indivíduos do século XIX da cidade do Porto, e ainda, a discussão das mesmas e dos possíveis mecanismos que as causaram.

Sessão The methodologies applied in bioarchaeology: apresentação de Sandra Assis


“A biocultural approach to the study of musculoskeletal stress markers (MSM) in a skeletal sample from Constância, Portugal (14-19th centuries): limitations and achievements”

Sandra Assis
Centro de Investigação em Antropologia e Saúde,
Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Portugal

Paleopathological studies have revealed a connection between some types of bone lesions and the stress produced during the performance of certain activities. The biocultural approach here presented aims to combine the skeletal evidence, through the study of musculoskeletal stress markers (MSM) in a sample from both sexes (N=64) exhumed from the Constância necropolis (14th-19th centuries), with historical, ethnographic and economic data, indicating that fishing and ship building were dominant occupations among the inhabitants. Thirty-six body MSM sites were scored using the method of Mariotti et al. (2004). In the upper limb, the MSM mean scores were higher in females than males. The opposite was noted for the musculoskeletal insertions of the lower limb. In males, alterations at the costoclavicular ligament predominate, while in females those of the supinator muscle were most frequently observed. The lower limb MSMs most affected were the quadriceps femoris muscle in males, and the gluteal muscles in females. The sexual dimorphism was higher in females with respect to upper anatomical sites. Age at death proved to be a contributing factor to increased MSM values. From the MSM results, as well as from some degenerative joint disease data, it is possible to conclude that the ancient inhabitants of Constância would have been subjected to acute episodes of biomechanical stress. Some reflections, considering the difficulties found in the methodology and during the data collection will also be made.

Sessão The methodologies applied in bioarchaeology: apresentação de Luís Miguel Marado



“The value of dental morphology in the archaeological context: example of a Portuguese population from the late 19th and early 20th centuries”

Luís Miguel Marado

Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
Research Center for Anthropology and Health (CIAS), University of Coimbra, Portugal

The observation of dental non-metric characters used in the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System (ASUDAS) is of major interest in the study of past populations. Dental morphological traits are genetically determined, and dependent of a small and stable part of the genome; their development seems unaffected by the uterine environment and their evolution is slow, probably independent of natural selection. The relative frequency of dental traits is a testimony to the biological distances between populations.
The study of the mandible and inferior dentition in a late XIXth/early XXth century sample deceased in Oporto, Portugal, is the example of a statistically simple approach to the biological comparison between populations, using the ASUDAS (Turner et al., 1991), mainly, but also a trait proposed by Weets (2009), and Hauser e De Stefano (1989), Movsesjan et al. (1975 in Galera et al., 1995) and Albuquerque (1952) for the mandibular anatomic traits.
The comparisons with international samples denoted biological relatedness with European and, to a lesser extent, North African populations. The Iberian samples also suggest a close relationship with those populations, particularly those from the current Portuguese territory.
The use of the ASUDAS and complementary methods to the morphological study of teeth from archaeological contexts is important. It will allow for a greater collection of data to be used in the determination of the population history of the Iberian Peninsula. Important questions, relative to cultural influence/colonization or to the proportion of indigenous and colonizing populations, for example, may then be closer to resolution.

Sessão The methodologies applied in bioarchaeology: apresentação de Vanessa Campanacho



“Intra-observer error of the scoring of degenerative features from the auricular surface of the ilium: implications for the estimation of age-at-death”

Vanessa Campanacho

Research Center for Anthropology and Health (CIAS), University of Coimbra, Portugal

The degenerative features of the iliac auricular surface are useful for the estimation of age-at-death. However, difficulties regarding the scoring of such features are often pinpointed. Unfortunately, the observer error is seldom calculated for each feature, preventing the assessment of its influence on the results. Therefore, this research intended to determine the influence of the observer error on morphological characteristics of the iliac auricular surface.
The intra-observer error regarding selected morphological features of both the iliac auricular surface was estimated by using a sample of 20 auricular surfaces of male skeletons from the Identified Collection of the National Museum of Natural History (Portugal). In order to do that, two different sessions of observations were carried out with a two-weeks interval. The intra-observer error was then evaluated according to Cohen's Kappa. The results demonstrate that, although some morphological features have small intra-observation error, the opposite was found for other feautures such as the apical area, the microporosity, the coarse granularity and the lipping.
The observation error is a major factor leading to low reliability of the estimation of age-at-death whatever the method adopted. Therefore, the use of the metamorphosis of the iliac auricular surface for this purpose must be carried out with extreme caution.